What are Trigger Points?
Trigger points, (also known as muscle knots, or trigger sites) are specific areas of spasm and inflammation within the skeletal muscles. In most cases, these trigger points are a result of trauma to the muscle fibers. This can occur after trauma, such as an auto accident, sports injury, or even repetitive motions.
The rhomboid and trapezius back muscles (located in the upper back and behind the shoulder areas) are common sites for trigger points and can cause neck pain, headaches, and shoulder pain. Trigger point therapy can target these specific areas, to release the trapped and the irritated tissues, thus lowering or eliminating the associated pain caused by muscular entrapment at the trigger point.
There is often a dense physical nodule in the muscle where the trigger point is situated. Pain then radiates from the trigger point when pressed, and the surrounding area of the trigger point is tender. When a trigger point injection is applied, the medication relaxes the underlying muscles. Injections typically include a salt solution (saline), a local anesthetic and a corticosteroid to further reduce the source of the trigger point irritation. Sometimes an empty needle is inserted into the nodule and no medications is injected, this is called “dry needling”.
Trigger points generally accompany chronic musculoskeletal disorders such as neck pain, low back pain, fibromyalgia, and myofascial pain syndrome and may also be accompanied with tension headache or temporomandibular pain.
When is a TPI used?
Trigger point injections may be used as a treatment for:
· Myofascial pain syndrome
· Temporomandibular joint pain
· Low back pain
· Carpal tunnel syndrome
· Injuries, including sports injuries
At Tarpon Orthopedics, we are proud to offer comprehensive orthopedic care, including surgical intervention when required, advanced spine care, pain management, acupuncture, chiropractic care, and targeted trigger point injections. No matter what kind of orthopedic issue you are experiencing, our board certified, deeply caring orthopedic specialists will work with you to develop a treatment plan that fits your unique needs.
The plan many include medications, a wide variety of injections, physical therapy, or other treatments to help you heal and regain any lost function. From advanced sports medicine to sophisticated spine care, we are here when you need us most.
If you, or a loved one would like to know more about TPI or if you have any questions about orthopedic related issues, please call 9725961059 to make an appointment in West Plano, North Plano, or Addison, Texas at Tarpon Orthopedics. You can also request an appointment online.